The agreement was drawn-up by the Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine, which consisted of representatives from Ukraine, Russia, and the OSCE. The group was established in June 2014 as a way to facilitate dialogue and resolution of the strife across eastern and southern Ukraine. Meetings of the group, along with informal representatives of the breakaway Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, took place on 31 July, 26 August, 1 September, and 5 September 2014.


The text of the protocol consists of twelve points:

  1. Ensure an immediate bilateral ceasefire.
  2. Ensure the monitoring and verification by the OSCE of the ceasefire.
  3. A decentralisation of power, including through the adoption of the law of Ukraine "about local government provisional arrangements in some areas of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts" (law on the special status).
  4. Ensure the permanent monitoring of the Ukrainian-Russian border and verification by the OSCE with the creation of security zones in the border regions of Ukraine and the Russian Federation.
  5. To immediately release all hostages and illegally detained persons.
  6. A law on preventing the prosecution and punishment of persons in connection with the events that have taken place in some areas of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.
  7. Continue the inclusive national dialogue.
  8. To take measures to improve the humanitarian situation in Donbas.
  9. Ensure early local elections in accordance with the law of Ukraine "about local government provisional arrangements in some areas of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts" (law on the special status).
  10. Withdraw the illegal armed groups, military equipment, as well as fighters and mercenaries from Ukraine.
  11. To adopt the program of economic recovery and reconstruction of Donbas region.
  12. To provide personal security for the participants in the consultations.

Follow-up memorandum

In the two weeks after the Minsk Protocol was signed, there were frequent violations of the ceasefire by both parties to the conflict. Talks continued in Minsk, and a follow-up to the Minsk Protocol was agreed to on 19 September 2014. This memorandum clarified the implementation of the Protocol. Amongst some of the peacemaking measures agreed to were:

  • To pull heavy weaponry 15 kilometres back on each side of the line of contact, creating a 30-kilometre buffer zone
  • To ban offensive operations
  • To ban flights by combat aircraft over the security zone
  • To withdraw all foreign mercenaries from the conflict zone
  • To set up an OSCE mission to monitor implementation of Minsk Protocol


After the follow-up memorandum, the Second Battle of Donetsk Airport broke out, and both parties continued to accuse each other of ceasefire violations. By January 2015, the Minsk Protocol ceasefire had completely collapsed.


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