1. Prohibition to directly or indirectly sell, supply, transfer or export to anyone in Belarus equipment, technology or software intended primarily for use in the monitoring or interception of the internet and of telephone communications, and dual-use goods and technologies for military use and to specified persons, entities or bodies in Belarus.
  2. Trade in petroleum products, potassium chloride ('potash'), and goods used for the production or manufacturing of tobacco products is restricted.
  3. EU companies cannot transport potash. Belarus will need to find other countries and ports to ship its top export via the Baltic Sea.
  4. Access to EU capital markets is restricted
  5. Providing insurance and re-insurance to the Belarusian government and Belarusian public bodies and agencies is prohibited.
  6. European Investment Bank will stop any disbursement or payment under any existing agreements in relation to projects in the public sector, and any existing Technical Assistance Service Contracts.
  7. Member states are also required to take actions to limit the involvement in Belarus of multilateral development banks of which they are members.
  8. Ban overflight of EU airspace by Belarussian airlines and prevent access to EU airports of flights operated by such airlines.


The European Union's ban on imports and transit of potash from Belarus will not affect most exports of the crop nutrient from the world's top producer, provided the restriction stays in its current form. The curbs apply to Belarus Potash Company (BPC) which exports potash mostly via the Baltic port of Klaipeda in EU-member Lithuania. But its main export product, namely potash with 60% potassium content, is not on the EU's list of sanctioned items. In total, the sanctions imposed on Belarus potash have put limits on only about 20% of exports of the product transported via Lithuania. About 11 million tonnes of Belarus potash crossed the Lithuanian border last year, with about 2.5 million tonnes falling under EU sanctions. Klaipeda port shipped almost 10.7 million tonnes of Belarus potash last year via a terminal 30% owned by Belaruskali.

Brussels imposed sanctions on Belarusian potash with a potassium content of less than 40% or more than 62% in the dry product. The measures do not cover the key Belarusian potash export, potassium chloride, which is 40-62% K2O by weight, and accounts for 80% of the country's supplies to the EU.

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