RUSSIA’S POLITICAL WARFARE STRATEGY IN MOLDOVA

After the Russo-Turkish War of 1828–1829, Russia formally incorporated Moldova into its empire. Moldova’s heritage as an appendage of the Ottoman, Russian, and Soviet empires and two decades as part of Romania, coupled with a heterogenous population that is mostly Orthodox in faith but not Slavic in ethnicity, are key ingredients of its current political identity crisis. A central question for Moldova is whether to remain neutral but Russian-leaning, or embark upon a journey westward to enter the European Union and possibly NATO.

RUSSIA'S POLITICAL WARFARE STRATEGY IN GEORGIA

Russia’s political warfare strategy is to remove Western influence and reestablish Moscow’s hegemony in the Caucasus and Eastern Europe. It’s attempting to do so by exploiting peoples’ fears that their identity and welfare are threatened. Key identity issues are minority group grievances, and religious and cultural values. Welfare issues are based on economic needs or threats to those needs. These fears are turned into narratives to convince people that the West is the source of their problems and that Russia and pro-Russian governments are the solution.

Georgia

TOP 20 ECONOMIES DEBT-TO-GDP RATIO (2023)

  1. Japan: 255%
  2. Greece: 168%
  3. Singapore: 168%
  4. Italy: 144%
  5. USA: 123%
  6. France: 110%
  7. Portugal: 108%
  8. Spain: 107%
  9. Canada: 106%
  10. Belgium: 106%
  11. United Kingdom: 104%
  12. Cyprus: 79%
  13. Austria: 75%
  14. Finland: 74%
  15. Slovenia: 89%
  16. Germany: 66%
  17. Croatia: 64%
  18. Iceland: 61%
  19. Israel: 58%
  20. Slovakia: 57%

EU COUNTRIES BY GROSS DEBT (2023)

Billions of Euros

Gross Debt

CLIMATE CHANGE PERFORMANCE INDEX 2024

The Climate Change Performance Index monitors climate mitigation progress of 63 countries and the European Union, together responsible for more than 90% of global emissions. The race against time continues: global emissions must nearly halve by 2030, and reducing the use of fossil fuels should account for most of that.

Ranking

THE HIGH PRICE OF LOSING UKRAINE

Source: ISW Institute for the Study of War December 22, 2023

100 MOST INFLUENTIAL PEOPLE IN CLIMATE POLICY WORLDWIDE

Based on Nationality

​Angola

  1. Josefa Leonel Correia Sacko, Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture, African Union Commission, Known for: Climate-proofing African agriculture

Argentina

  1. Sergio Bergman, Former Environment Minister, Argentina, Known for : Including faith-based communities in environmental legislation

Australia

SEIZING RUSSIAN FROZEN ASSETS

Known immobilized assets belonging to Russia’s central bank over €1bn (€bn)

  1. Total G7, EU and Australia: € 260 bn
  2. Total in EU: € 210 bn (includes cash and government bonds denominated in euro, dollar and other currencies)
  3. Belgium: € 191 bn held at Euroclear central securities depository)
  4. France: € 19bn
  5. Switzerland: € 7.8 bn
  6. U.S. € 4.6 bn

Legal grounds for seizing assets

WHAT’S TO COME IN 2024 ?

1. U.S. elections results. After a grueling and exhausting Biden-Trump rematch, U.S. President Joe Biden will narrowly eke out a win for a second term, in yet another election cycle marred by disinformation that will muddy the waters on what’s fact and what’s not, with more shouts about “stolen votes.” Republicans will regain control of the Senate by two or three seats, and Democrats will gain narrow control of the House by under 10 seats, setting the stage for another complex, messy, political headache of a divided government.

GLOBAL ELECTIONS IN 2024

A wave of elections in geopolitically significant markets representing about 54% of the global population and nearly 60% of global GDP will occur in 2024. These elections will be held amid already heightened mistrust in governments. Such dynamics, combined with nationalist and populist trends and polarizing issues, increase the risk of social unrest surrounding elections. This global elections super cycle will generate regulatory and policy uncertainty, with long-term implications for industrial strategies, climate policies and ongoing military conflicts.

Pages

Subscribe to Association of Accredited Public Policy Advocates to the European Union RSS