CONFLICTS WITH ‘NATIONALITY’ AND ‘NATION’ IN SPAIN

The demands for the recognition of the distinctiveness of Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia, within the Spanish State became one of the most important challenges in 1978. In fact, the writing of the second article of the Spanish Constitution  in which the "nationalities and regions" of Spain were recognized, was the most hotly debated in the Parliament. Its acceptance was not smooth: the right vigorously opposed it, while the nationalists and the left firmly objected leaving it out. The natural corollary to debating the term "nationalities" was debating the term "nation".

CONFLICTS WITH ‘NATIONALITY’ AND ‘NATION’ IN SPAIN

The demands for the recognition of the distinctiveness of Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia, within the Spanish State became one of the most important challenges in 1978. In fact, the writing of the second article of the Spanish Constitution  in which the "nationalities and regions" of Spain were recognized, was the most hotly debated in the Parliament. Its acceptance was not smooth: the right vigorously opposed it, while the nationalists and the left firmly objected leaving it out. The natural corollary to debating the term "nationalities" was debating the term "nation".

CRIMEAN ACCESSION TO THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: A DONE DEAL

The Treaty

The Russian Federation and the Republic of Crimea

DISRUPTORS IMPACTING THE GR PROFESSION

Author:  Sheree Anne Kelly, Senior Vice president Public Affairs Council

Text has been edited

Disruptor #1: Millennials

The real disruptive impact is that many GR professionals have not adjusted their strategies or tactics to actually reach, influence and engage the new generation. Today millennials are serving as legislative or regulatory staff, increasingly taking office as policymakers and holding positions in media or as online influencers.

Disruptor #2: Low Trust in Big Institutions

BEST PRACTICES IN ETHICS

  1. Speaking not in terms of personal integrity, but rather in terms of the responsible, professional handling of conflict situations.
  2. Recognition, as the basis for government ethics rules and administration, of the fiduciary duties of government officials and employees, the appearance of their conduct to the community, and how officials’ handling of conflict situations affects the public’s trust in those who manage their community and public participation in the government.

ETHICS TRAINING FOR PUBLIC OFFICIALS

Ethics training is a useful tool for strengthening ethics and preventing corruption in public administration if applied together with other tools as part of a comprehensive anti-corruption and pro-integrity policy. Ethics training alone cannot produce sustainable results, especially in countries with high levels of corruption.

Political support and "leadership from above"

PRINCIPLES GUIDING ETHICAL LOBBYING

Author: Thomas M. Susman

Edited

Rules of conduct and codes of ethics often provide quite detailed roadmaps to assist the lobbyist in traversing ethically dangerous terrain. Some of these codes look like laws, but they are distinguishable because they are largely not enforceable. Others may be enforced through the disciplinary processes of professional organizations

WORLD CONFIDENCE IN US PRESIDENT

Source : August 2017- Pew Research Center

NO CONFIDENCE (Combines "not too much confidence" and "no confidence at all.")

US TRADE POLICY OBJECTIVES AND ANALYSIS

The overarching purpose of US trade policy, the guiding principle behind all of US actions in this key area  is to expand trade in a way that is freer and fairer for all Americans. Every action the US takes with respect to trade will be designed to increase economic growth, promote job creation in the United States, promote reciprocity with US trading partners, strengthen US manufacturing base and its ability to defend itself , and expand agricultural and services industry exports.

AD-HOC ISSUE COALITIONS AND NEW PLATFORMS IN THE EU

Lobbyists need information on policy proposals, intelligence on policy developments, and knowledge of the positions of other advocates active on a policy debate. Much of this can be gathered from simply talking with other lobbyists and thus some level of networking is expected on every issue. But the question remains: why move beyond networking to build more formal ad hoc issue coalitions? An ad hoc issue coalition is a very specific type of coalition of groups, one which forms for a single discrete issue fight.

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