LOBBYING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM

Authors: John Cooper and Kieran Laird (Gowling WLG)

Constitution: The United Kingdom does not have a codified constitution. Rather, its constitutional arrangements are comprised in a set of statutes, judicial decisions, EU and international laws, principles and customary practices. These arrangements create the institutions of the state and regulate their interaction, both with each other and between themselves and citizens.

LOBBYING IN SCOTLAND

Purposes of the Act

THE TOP 8 OF THE NEW EUROPEAN COMMISSION

Based on President-elect von der Leyen’s Mission Letters

  1. Executive Vice-President for the European Green Deal (Frans Timmermans)

Mission

The Executive Vice-President has a dual function. He sets the strategic direction and chair the Commissioners’ Group on the European Green Deal. In addition, he is responsible for the climate action portfolio. In leading the work on the European Green Deal, he ensures all policy dimensions are fully taken into account.

MOST CORRUPT EU COUNTRIES

Source: Transparency International

  1. Bulgaria: Decline
  2. Greece: Decline
  3. Hungary: Improvement
  4. Romania: Decline
  5. Croatia: Decline
  6. Slovakia: No sign or improvement or decline
  7. Italy: Improvement
  8. Malta: Decline
  9. Spain: Small improvement
  10. Latvia: No sign of improvement or decline
  11. Lithuania: No sign of improvement or decline
  12. Czech Republic: Improvement
  13. Cyprus: Improvement

Lobbying Transparency (Scale 0-100) where 0 is the weakest and 100 us strongest

LOBBYING IN TAIWAN

Authors: Jui-Hua Fan and Lucas (Lung-Kuan) Wang (Formosa Transnational Attorneys at Law)

NEW STRUCTURE OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION

President-elect Ursula von der Leyen 

The new College will have eight Vice-Presidents, including the High-Representative of the Union for Foreign Policy and Security Policy (Josep Borrell). The Vice-Presidents are responsible for the top priorities in the Political Guidelines.  

Three Executive Vice-Presidents will have a double function. They will be both Vice-President responsible for one of three core topics of the President-elect's agenda and Commissioners.

LOBBYING IN KAZAKHSTAN

Authors : Natalia Malyarchuk and Yury Shikhov (Kesarev)

Constitution: The Kazakh Constitution guarantees the rights of citizens and organisations to access information and to interact with the government within the frameworks provided by the law (article 18, page 3 of the Constitution). However, it directly prohibits any interference of citizens and organisations in affairs of the state (article 5, page 2 of the Constitution).

LEGAL REGULATION OF LOBBYING ACTIVITIES IN THE CONTEXT OF PUBLIC DECISION MAKING

Source: Recommendation CM/Rec(2017)2 adopted by the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe on 22 March 2017

LOBBYING IN UKRAINE

LOBBYING IN AUSTRALIA

Authors: David Moore and Mellisa Lai, (MinterEllison)

Constitution: The Constitution of Australia (the Constitution) sets out the powers of the body politic, the Commonwealth of Australia (ie, the six federated states).

Australia does not have a bill of rights, though there are some rights protected in the Constitution and at common law.

Relevantly, the High Court of Australia has ruled that there is an implied - but not absolute - freedom of political communication under Australian law.

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