THE NEED TO ADOPT EU-WIDE STANDARDS ON LOBBYING

Adopting EU-wide standards on lobbying would, at minima, guarantee a baseline level of transparency and integrity across all EU Member States, enabling citizens across the continent to hold their public officials to account. It would also protect public institutions from undue influence from domestic or foreign malign actors in a time of considerable geopolitical strife.

An EU -wide adoption of a legislative instrument on interest representation would cover:

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/ROMANIA

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/LITHUANIA

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/IRELAND

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/CYPRUS

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/ESTONIA

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/LATVIA

Latvia

  • Legislative only
  • Definition of lobbying N/A
  • Full law enters into force in 2025 with broad definition, lobby register, code of conduct and transparency of interactions.

Latvia needs to ensure the effective implementation of the legislation on lobbying, including the setting-up of a special lobby register.

Note

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/SLOVENIA

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/GREECE

Greece

  • Mandatory
  • Narrow definition
  • Law exists since 2021 including register but enforcement is very limited with only 17 registrations so far.
  • Register Scope: Legislative and Executive
  • Register categories: Identification, areas of interests
  • Limited Information provided
  • Public access
  • Code of Conduct
  • Independent authority overseeing activities.

Rules to regulate lobbying are in force but progress to implement an effective register has been slow.

 

ASSESSMENT LOBBY RULES/LUXEMBOURG

Luxembourg

  • Partially mandatory
  • Broad definition
  • Only applies to Parliament- Extremely limited information
  • Register: Scope Legislative
  • Register categories: Ientification, legal form, purpose, name of third party
  • Public access

Luxembourg needs to evaluate the implementation of the new legislation on lobbying the Parliament and the functionality of the transparency register and ensure that it meets the necessary transparency requirements set out in Parliament's rules of procedures.

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